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Wednesday, August 4, 2010

Contribution Of Renaissance To Art

In my opinion, one of the greatest events in the history of art was the Renaissance. The term "Renaissance" comes from the verb "born again", it was said that culture had died with the barbarian invasions and the fall of the Roman Empire, and it was reborn after a thousand years. Modern scholars say the beginning of the Renaissance was around the second decade of the fifteenth century, with the most famous work of Brunelleschi, the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore. It has two extreme phases: the Humanistic and Mannerist period. The Renaissance originated in Italy and from there expanded to all countries of Europe. The main centers of distribution were the Papal Rome, Florence and Venice. The Renaissance expressed the desire to revive the true face of classical art, and it is this fact that artists of the Renaissance inherited ideal of harmony and balance. The ideal man understood as a synthesis of beauty and goodness ideal of harmony between man and nature, between man and God, between reason and faith. One of the typical inventions of this period was the theory of one point perspective by Brunelleschi. We can see this in for the first time in Holly Trinity which is considered the masterwork of Masaccio with the assistance of Brunelleschi himself. The illusionism of the piece is perfect. It is approximately 20 feet tall and is placed on the side wall of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. Christ is represented on the top half, in a coffered, barrel-vaulted chapel. On one side of him is the Virgin Mary, and on the other, St. John. Christ himself is supported by God the Father, and the Dove of the Holy Spirit rests on Christ's halo. Another example of one point perspective is Perugino masterpiece on the wall of the Sistine chapel, which is a scene of Christ Delivering the keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter. In addition, the greatest masters of Italian Renaissance are considered Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael. Leonardo da Vinci, became famous for his paintings "The Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa". The Last Supper covers the back wall of the dining hall at the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy. The theme was a traditional one for refectories. The other great artist is Michelangelo, who was famous as a painter, sculptor and architect. His most famous paintings are the eleven frescos in the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican and the famous "Last Judgment". His most important sculptures are "David", the "Moses" and the "Pieta. Then we have Raphael, who became famous for his "Madonna", portraits and paintings on religious themes. His most famous work in Vatican is The School of Athens, in which we see Plato and Aristotle surrounded by disciples. In the end, I wanted just to show that how great was the contribution of Renaissance to the art. I think there are many other artists and paintings with their specific styles that contributed the Renaissance, but I think it will be necessary write down a few books just to list them.

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